Media classification

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Film Certification Appellate Tribunal

1991

India

FCAT is constituted under the Cinematograph Act 1952 to hear appeals made by applicants for film certificates with respect to orders made by the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC).
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Ram Ke Naam

1992
Ram Ke Naam

India

Ram ke naam (“In the name of god”) is a 1992 documentary directed by Anand Patwardhan that considers the rise of Hindu nationalism, or “Hindutva”, and the demolition of the Babri Masjid (Mosuqe of Babur) in Ayodhya, India.
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Awarded Abroad and Banned in China: The Blue Kite

1993
Awarded Abroad and Banned in China: The Blue Kite

China

Directed by Tian Zhuangzhuang, The Blue Kite (1993, Lán fēngzheng) is one of a number of mainland Chinese films from the early 1990s that received accolades from international film festivals while subject to domestic controversy.
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Nintendo Content Policy

1993
Nintendo Content Policy

United States

Throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s Nintendo, especially Nintendo of America, strictly curtailed the content that could be included in games released on its consoles.
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Fire

1996
Fire

India

Released in Canada in 1996, Fire was passed by the Indian CBFC in 1998 uncut and with an “A” certificate and first screened on 13 November that year. Despite critical acclaim, from early December a number of protests were launched at the film’s exhibition.
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China Film Group Corporation

1999
China Film Group Corporation

China

The China Film Group Corporation (CFGC, Zhongguo dianying jituan gongsi) begins its history with the establishment in 1951 of the China Film Management Corporation.
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Shintaro Ishihara

1999
Shintaro Ishihara

Japan

Shintarō Ishihara (1932- ) penned the novellas upon which the famous taiyōzoku, or sun-tribe, films of 1956 were based, and is thus partly responsible for that lasting image of mid-century Japanese youth.
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Perfect Dark: Rated M (Mature 17+)

2000
Perfect Dark: Rated M (Mature 17+)

United States

Perfect Dark was released in North America on 22 May 2000 for the Nintendo 64 console. It was the first game on a Nintendo console to receive an M (Mature 17+) rating under the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB) system.
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Battle Royale

2000
Battle Royale

Japan

In Battle Royale, class 3-B participates in a national ritual legitimated by the  “Millennium Education Reform Act”, under which one class of students are taken to a remote island each year and required to fight one another to the death.
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Suicide Club

2001
Suicide Club

Japan

Suicide Club (Jisatsu Sākuru, 2001) begins with 54 teenage schoolgirls collectively counting down from three before jumping to their deaths from a Shinjuku station platform in front of a rush hour train.
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