Media classification

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Cinematograph Amendment Act 1959

1959

India

The Cinematograph Amendment Act 1959 connected in Indian law the principle of freedom of speech and expression and the practice of censoring film.
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Cruel Story of Youth

1960
Cruel Story of Youth

Japan

Following his debut film, A Town of Love and Hope (1959), Nagisa Ōshima released his first colour film Cruel Story of Youth (Seishun Zankoku Monogatori) in 1960.
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Film Finance Corporation

1960
Film Finance Corporation

India

The National Film Development Corporation (NFDC), formerly the Film Finance Corporation (FFC), is India’s state funding body for films. The 1927 Indian Cinematograph Committee recommended such a state-sponsored agency in its Report of the Indian Cinematograph Committee.
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Shammi Kapoor and Junglee

1961
Shammi Kapoor and Junglee

India

Shammi Kapoor (born Shamsher Raj Kapoor) was an Indian film actor and director from the famous filmmaking Kapoor family. Junglee (The Savage One, 1961) was Kapoor’s first colour movie and it cemented his stardom.
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Market of Flesh and Pinku Eiga

1962

Japan

Market of Flesh (Nikutai no Ichiba; also Flesh Market, 1962) is widely regarded as the first of Japan’s “pinku eiga”, or pink films. A week after its release, the Tokyo Metropolitan Police ceased its exhibition and confiscated the prints and original negative from the OP Eiga studio, on the grounds that Market of Flesh had potentially violated Article 175 of the Japanese Constitution.
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Black Snow on Trial for Obscenity

1965
Black Snow on Trial for Obscenity

Japan

Black Snow (Kuroi Yuki, 1965) is significant as the first film subject to a trial under obscenity law despite having passed inspection by Eirin.
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Khosla Committee Report

1969
Khosla Committee Report

India

The Enquiry Committee on Film Censorship, popularly known as the Khosla Committee, published its report (“Report”) on 26 July 1969. This committee was appointed on 28 March 1968, following public concern over increasing sex and violence in cinema.
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Stray Cat Rock: Sex Hunter

1970
Stray Cat Rock: Sex Hunter

Japan

Stray Cat Rock: Sex Hunter is the third of five films in the Stray Cat Rock or Alley Cat Rock series. The Stray Cat Rock films share a focus on delinquent girl gangs performing a version of early 1970s cool that emphasised sex, fashion, petty crime, recreational drugs, and psychedelic rock performed in exciting action sequences.
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Chanda Committee Report

1970

India

Under Indira Gandhi’s direction as Minister in 1964, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting established a committee led by former Auditor-General of India Ashok.Chanda to investigate Indian broadcasting. It presented a report on radio and television in 1966 that was critical of the state’s financial and administrative restrictions on these media.
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Bobby

1970
Bobby

India

Directed by Raj Kapoor (of Shri 420) and launching his son Rishi Kapoor’s career as a leading man, Bobby was India’s highest grossing film of 1973. It is arguably the first Hindi teen film and it provided a template for teen romances throughout the late 1970s and 1980s.
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