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Shri 420

1955
Shri 420

India

Directed, produced, and starring Raj Kapoor, arguably Hindi cinema’s most canonical actor, Shri 420 (Mr 420) was India’s highest grossing film in 1955 and is widely remembered for its song “Mera Joota Hai Japani” (“My shoes are Japanese”).
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Children’s Film Society

1955
Children’s Film Society

India

The Children’s Film Society India (CFSI) was established in 1955 as a registered society with state funding to produce and distribute films for children.
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Crazed Fruit and Yūjirō Ishihara

1956
Crazed Fruit and Yūjirō Ishihara

Japan

Probably the most well-known of the films, Crazed Fruit centres on a love triangle between two college-age brothers, Natsuhisa (Yūjirō Ishihara) and Haruji (Masahiko Tsugawa), and the object of their affections, Eri (Mie Kitahara) (Yūjirō and Kitahara married in 1959).

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Taiyōzoku Films: Season of the Sun

1956
Taiyōzoku Films: Season of the Sun

Japan

First published as a novella in 1955, Season of the Sun is a classic Japanese story of problem youth and along with Crazed Fruit the most famous of the taiyōzoku films.
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Cinematograph Amendment Act 1959

1959

India

The Cinematograph Amendment Act 1959 connected in Indian law the principle of freedom of speech and expression and the practice of censoring film.
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Cruel Story of Youth

1960
Cruel Story of Youth

Japan

Following his debut film, A Town of Love and Hope (1959), Nagisa Ōshima released his first colour film Cruel Story of Youth (Seishun Zankoku Monogatori) in 1960.
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Film Finance Corporation

1960
Film Finance Corporation

India

The National Film Development Corporation (NFDC), formerly the Film Finance Corporation (FFC), is India’s state funding body for films. The 1927 Indian Cinematograph Committee recommended such a state-sponsored agency in its Report of the Indian Cinematograph Committee.
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Shammi Kapoor and Junglee

1961
Shammi Kapoor and Junglee

India

Shammi Kapoor (born Shamsher Raj Kapoor) was an Indian film actor and director from the famous filmmaking Kapoor family. Junglee (The Savage One, 1961) was Kapoor’s first colour movie and it cemented his stardom.
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Market of Flesh and Pinku Eiga

1962

Japan

Market of Flesh (Nikutai no Ichiba; also Flesh Market, 1962) is widely regarded as the first of Japan’s “pinku eiga”, or pink films. A week after its release, the Tokyo Metropolitan Police ceased its exhibition and confiscated the prints and original negative from the OP Eiga studio, on the grounds that Market of Flesh had potentially violated Article 175 of the Japanese Constitution.
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Black Snow on Trial for Obscenity

1965
Black Snow on Trial for Obscenity

Japan

Black Snow (Kuroi Yuki, 1965) is significant as the first film subject to a trial under obscenity law despite having passed inspection by Eirin.
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