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Shakuntala

1943
Shakuntala

India

Shakuntala is a costume drama directed by V. Shantaram, the founder and former director of Prabhat Film Company and subsequently a member of the 1951 Film Enquiry Committee.
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Indian News Parade

1943
Indian News Parade

India

The British Government in India produced 126 issues of the weekly India News Parade between 1943 and 1946.
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State Fair

1945
State Fair

Japan

During the United States’ occupation of Japan, General Douglas MacArthur promoted the family movie State Fair (1946) so that audiences might witness a “wholesome picture of American life”.
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A Twenty Year Old Youth

1946
A Twenty Year Old Youth

Japan

In Japan, attempts to establish the 23rd of May as “Kiss day” commemorate the first on-screen kiss in Japanese cinema following World War II. This kiss featured in Shochiku’s A Twenty-Year-Old Youth (Hatachi no Seishun).
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No Regrets for Our Youth

1946
No Regrets for Our Youth

Japan

Akira Kurosawa’s fifth film, his first following World War Two, and the only one to feature a female protagonist, was loosely based on historical events, specifically the “Takigawa incident”.
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Indian National Independence

1947
Indian National Independence

India

The Indian National Congress was formed in 1885 as an all-Indian secular political party in an effort to increase the role of Indians in the governance of India.
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The Constitution of India and Free Speech

1949
The Constitution of India and Free Speech

India

The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950, replacing the Government of India Act 1935 as the Republic of India’s fundamental legal document. Article 19(1a) of the Indian Constitution establishes “the right to freedom of speech and expression”.
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The Life of Wu Xun

1950
The Life of Wu Xun

China

Sun Yu’s film The Life of Wu Xun (1950) was banned in 1951 following a number of editorial critiques from Mao Zedong in the People’s Daily newspaper.
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Report of the Film Enquiry Committee

1951

India

In the two years since the Cinematograph Amendment Act 1949 had established the dual-category certificate system (including the “U” and “A” categories), the report noted that some producers and exhibitors had exploited the A certificate in promotional material, implying that it contained “salacious” content.
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Cinematograph Act

1952

India

On 21 March 1952 The Cinematograph Act 1952 replaced former legislation on film censorship, specifically the Cinematograph Act 1918.
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