Media classification

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The Battle of Dingjunshan

1905
The Battle of Dingjunshan

China

The first Chinese film was produced in 1905 as The Battle of Dingjunshan (also known as Conquering Jun Mountain, Ding Junshan), coinciding with the emergence of the classic Hollywood silent film era.

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Zigomar

1911
Zigomar

Japan

The French film Zigomar, directed by Victorin-Hippolyte Jasset for the Société Française des Films Eclair, was imported into Japan in 1911, opening in the Asakusa district in November and leading to an array of locally produced sequel films and novels
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Cinematograph Act

1918

India

The Cinematograph Act 1918 made it mandatory for exhibitors to secure a license from local civil authorities to screen a film, and for censorship to precede any film exhibited in India. Certified films would be deemed “suitable for public exhibition”.
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Film Censorship Begins in India

1918
Film Censorship Begins in India

India

In the 1920s, India imported almost 80 per cent of exhibited films from the United States (ICC 1928). The biggest importer was Jamshedji Framji (J.F.) Madan, who launched Madan Theatres Ltd. in 1919, turning to Hollywood to substitute for stagnating post-war European film industries.
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Imperilling the Prestige of the White Woman

1926

India

The representation of white women on-screen provided a significant source of tension in early debates on film censorship in India. Prior to the 1927 Indian Cinematograph Committee (ICC), the British Social Hygiene Council sent a delegation to India in 1926.
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Indian Cinematograph Committee

1928
Indian Cinematograph Committee

India

The 1928 Report of the Indian Cinematograph Committee (“Report”) has been described as “the most comprehensive document extant on the formation of a film industry in a non-Western country”.
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Film Censorship Statute

1930
Film Censorship Statute

China

China’s first Film Censorship Statute was announced in November 1930 and enacted in January 1931. This was the first Chinese film regulation that had the status of law and which had national reach in its application.
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Miss Frontier Mail

1936
Miss Frontier Mail

India

Starring the “Indian Pearl White” Fearless Nadia (Australia-born Mary Ann Evans or Mary Evans Wadia) and directed by her husband Homi Wadia, Miss Frontier Mail was the third film in the Diamond Thriller series.
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47 Ronin

1941
47 Ronin

Japan

Directed by the revered Kenji Mizoguchi, The 47 Rōnin (Genroku Chūshingura Parts I and II) is the second of many film productions depicting one of Japan’s most well known historical stories.
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All India Radio Controversy

1943
All India Radio Controversy

India

All India Radio (AIR) is India’s public radio broadcasting service, established in 1930 as Indian State Broadcasting Service and renamed as All India Radio in the year of its first news bulletin, 1936.
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